Change the perception by the quantity

In conventional Chinese art methodology, the idea of using wood in displaying porcelain is solely for ancillary purpose. More often than not discarded it plays an unimportant part of the display. The aim of my work is to enhance the relationship between these two materials reinforcing the whole aesthetic value of the piece.

In this regard, I took the European idea of the display of porcelain pieces as a reference. Here is another inspiration (see picture below) which is a sequence of small eighteenth-century vases from the Nanking Cargo (salvaged in 1984) on one of the two panels flanking a fireplace at Glamis Castle. The brackets were designed by Melissa Wydham.

Although the vases are not large in size, they were systematically lined up and grouped together and that immediately became the focus point in the room, while the specially designed brackets echo the shapes of the vases that emphasise the delicacy and decorative effect of the vases.

Rather than displaying the objects on plinths, I have adopted this method of wall hanging. Further the objects are given a better perspective by the inversion of the wooden stands.

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blue and white mounted on wall

 

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Timeline Development

For full information of the graduation work and exhibition. Please click the following links.

Subject 

https://florencefung.wordpress.com/2016/01/15/graduation-project/

Field (Exhibition)

https://florencefung.wordpress.com/category/field/

 

* * * * * * * ** * * * * * * ** * * * * * * *

Ideas

September to October 2015

  • Developed initial idea of the graduation work

October 2015

  • Initial idea had changed from tension to calmness expression

November 2015

  • Continue to develop ideas in terms of how to decorate the objects

graduation project

From the end of December to the beginning of February 

  • Due to focus on finishing the dissertation, the project was put on hold.

March

  • Inspired by Jaime Hayon, I took traditional blue and white porcelain then reassembled to form a new pattern

April 2016  

  • using my personal memories as well as these three years of studying to developed a series of illustration.
  • took a traditional technique called kai-guang, which was used by artisans in Jingdezhen since the Ming Dynasty, to create my illustration
  • changed to display the objects from plinth to hang them on the wall. The idea was inspired by the European displaying method

May 2016

  • mock installation of the objects

Context

October 2015 – 

  • Started to conduct research, including eastern and western artists who have the same cultural background or the same creative ideas like mine such as Ai WeiWei, Ah Xian  Faig Ahmed, Wang Shu and Lu Wen Yu
  • conducting research about chinese ceramics and in particular blue and white porcelain
  • Positioning Practicelecture ran by Cath Davis

From the end of December to the beginning of February 

  • Due to focus on finishing the dissertation, the project was put on hold.
  • took the advice of the external examiner – experiment on decorating the wooden stand

From the end of January –

  • Conducted research about the exhibition in particular of how porcelain was displayed by the West and East.
  • Corridor exhibition curation
  • research – “Emulsion” exhibition by Amy Smith and Simon Levin
  • created a post for recording artists work which gave me inspiration

February

  • finished the exhibition proposal and continue the research for ideas for the exhibition.

 

Skills

September to October 2015

  • Learning traditional skills in Jingdezhen, China. Including carving, onglaze and underglaze painting.

End of October 2015

  • carried glaze tests including different types of cobalt and other underglaze colours

November

  • Focus on practicing blue and white painting

December

  • Re-made another mold which is 15% larger than the first mold

From the end of December to the beginning of February 

  • Due to focus on finishing the dissertation, the project was put on hold.

January

  • Refine the porcelain objects by using sandpaper of various grit in order to deliver a skin-smooth-liked texture.

February

  • Carried other glaze tests of which I would like to achieve an effect which is similar to Chinese ink painting to create my blue and white decoration on the object.
  • Used laser etching to decorate the wooden stand

Early March 2016

  • The porcelain did not turn white instead it was a dull greyish colour. After discussing and consulting the problems with TDs, Anne Gibbs, Claire and fellow students I carried out tests of different clay bodies and firing temperatures hoping to address the issue.

photo

  • attened screen printing induction and finished a series of new patterns which were takern from traditional blue and white porcelain then reassembled to form a new pattern

Mid of March 2016

  • attended wood lathe turning induction

End of March 2016

  • Due to the fire temperatue had been changed the glazes I used are no longer suitable for the work. Another series of glazes test were commenced.
  • Tried to find the most appropriate temperature for firing the cobalt so that the cobalt blue can be shown at a low temperature

April 2016  

  • Developed illustration and paint it with cobalt onto the objects

End of April 

  • Making the wood stands / shelves

May

  • exhibition setting up – measure out the shelves position, paint the background colour and put the shelves up

Making the stands / shelves

Last term, I used ply wood to make prototypes for placing the vessels on display that I was quite happy with the result. So I continued with this idea but used a different kind of wood. Black chestnut wood gives a darker tone that I think shows much better the contrast with the objects. The rich wood grain shows off very attractive patterns from the different angles of cutting and also increases the aesthetic value.

SONY DSC
ply wood stand
SONY DSC
black chestnut wood

Owing to the wood not coming in the thickness I needed, I glued two pieces of wood together to attain a desire thickness.  The wood was then secured by wood clamps and left for the glue to dry overnight before turning and cut into wave shapes.

Later on, the wooden blocks needed wood filler to be applied to cover those joining lines as well as the screw marks caused by the metal brace when it was secured on the wood for lathe turning and as much time as needed allowed for the wood filler to dry. Once the wood filler dried, the wooden blocks could be sanded and any rough edges or surfaces filled.

Although after using wood stain the grain is shown better, I found that the wood retained its simple and natural beauty without using the stain.

Ceramics artists in Jingdezhen

During my visit in Jingdezhen, I was glad that I had opportunity to meet local artists, Mr. Huang Fei and Mr. Wang Xiao Lin.

Mr. Huang Fei is a self-taught artist and particularly fascinated by western art. He used to work in a tile factory as a traditional blue and white painter in Jingdezhen where he found that he wanted to break through the limitation of traditional painting and truly express himself. Then he started to experiment with his own style of painting in his free time. He combined his years’ of experience in traditional blue and white with western impressionism to create a new unique style of blue and white work.

“Home Sick” is the artist expressing his memories about the place he grew up where the beauty of nature has been integrated into a new expression.

Mr. Wang Xiao Lin who graduated from Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute. Again, the artist has been deeply affected by western art. He uses onglaze materials to create his painting on porcelain tiles. Compared with Mr. Huang, Mr. Wang’s artwork is a complete departure from the traditional style and embraces the western approach.

“Home Sick”, Huang Fei

P1020411

onglaze painting by Wang Xiao Lin

 

Wood lathe turning induction

Basically, operating the wood lathe and using the tools (chisels) are similar to the plaster lathe but the setting up is quite different.

First of all I needed to find the centre point and used a compass to make a circle which was slightly within the edge of the block of wood. Then I mounted the wood (judge by eye) on a base brace before securing it onto the lathe. To avoid too much resistant force during the turning the excess wood needed to be removed by the ­­banding saw to give a rounded edge.

After the wood has been secured onto the lathe, we need to find the centre point of the wood then start with a gouge tool and change to use different chisels when necessary.

Gouges (rounded head tool)

Skew (with angled head) – benefit to turn into different angles

Parting tool (arrowed tip) – to separate the wood into two

General steps of turning a bowl

  • Move the tool rest into a position which is close to the wood but without touching the rest. That can be checked by manually rotating the wood
  • The tool needs to be placed on the tool rest to keep it stable while turning. The turning is moving the tool along the tool rest to and fro until the desired depth or shape is reached
  • “Dressing the wood” – trim the wood’s edge until it has a smooth-rounded edge
  • Turn the foot ring about one centimetre depth enough for a clamping tool to secure the bowl onto the lathe to turn inside later.
  • Define the shape of the bowl with various tools.
  • Refinement – sand it with 60 – 240 grit sandpaper, fine-wire-wool ball, 6 times of waxing (Carnauba wax) and polishing.
  • After waxing, the wax takes 24 hours to completely dry and you must avoid touching the surface by hand.

In plaster lathe turning, there is only one speed whereas in wood turning speed needs to be adjusted depending on different working process. In the waxing process, the speed needs to be changed to the highest setting.

Giving extra decoration to the wood before waxing, a wire tool can be used to make burn marks or to use a wood stain to colour the wood.

photo

After meeting external examiner

Considering that the pure form and whiteness of the object are very important elements which I do not want to disturb too much, I took the advice of Mr. Andrew Livingstone to carry out experiment on decorating the stand on which an object will be placed. The purpose of decorating the stand is not only for aesthetic value but also to give direction to the audience to reflect their thought back at the object.

The idea of this intention was derived from my observation of people who reacted to the object while I placed it in my work space.  The object has been sanded 4-6 times by using sandpaper of various grit in order to deliver a skin-smooth-liked texture. This smooth texture, the curvy fullness form and the whiteness of the object convey a tactile quality which attracted people’s attention. Curiosity and imagination were also stimulated at the same time. They started to question what this object is for and how the object would be used or decorated. The object is just like a blank canvas inviting people to put in their interpretation.

Screen Printing

A three-week screen printing workshop with Caroline assisted me in discovering new ideas of adding surface decoration on ceramics no matter which raw material, bisque ware or glazed ware. The printing techniques demonstrated by Caroline were mainly monochrome print.

The print techniques showed in the first week had already been demonstrated by Pete in last year’s Field project, such as using coloured slip, mixing print medium with colour oxide, underglaze and onglaze powder, the use of decal paper and pottery tissue. But it was good to have revision.

In the second and third-week workshops we were taught to prepare, set up and process the proper screen printing technique. The preparation time was rather lengthy but the outcome was well worth it as the technique allows us to consistently reproduce a detailed image.

The image used for printing should avoided containing the colours, grey and mid tones since they cannot be shown clearly. So I used Photoshop to discard the mid tones of my image which left only black and white.

Regarding the image I used, were patterns which were taken from traditional blue and white porcelain then reassembled to form a new pattern. The idea was inspired by Jaime Hayon, who used traditional patterns from Japanese culture to create a series of porcelain wares.

jamie hayon

The screen printing technique is to use light sensitive emulsion and light to expose the image onto a mesh (screen) to make a stencil. The whole process should be finished in dark room as the light sensitive emulsion is extremely sensitive to light.

The emulsion was evenly spread on the mesh by using a squeegee then put into a drying cabinet to dry for about half an hour. As long as the emulsion had dried the mesh was readied for making a stencil. The black and white image was placed face up on an exposure unit then the mesh was put on top of the image. There was a small tube placed between the mesh and the cover of the unit, which was an elastic material, to suck out all the air and then the image was securely clamped in place.

The black area of the image will block the light so the emulsion will not be hardened while the white area will be hit by the light and gets hard. The exposure process usually takes about 4 and a half minutes, and it depends on the quality of the image. After exposing the mesh the unhardened emulsion will be washed away to reveal the image.